Existential Pontification and Generalized Abstract Digressions

## Computer Science

### Getting a fix on fixpoints

Previously, we’ve drawn Hasse diagrams of all sorts of Haskell types, from data types to function types, and looked at the relationship between computability and monotonicity. In fact, all computable functions are monotonic, but not all monotonic functions are computable. Is there some description of functions that entails computability? Yes: Scott continuous functions. In this [...]

### Errata for gin and monotonic

Between packing and hacking on GHC, I didn’t have enough time to cough up the next post of the series or edit the pictures for the previous post, so all you get today is a small errata post. The full list diagram is missing some orderings: ★:⊥ ≤ ★:⊥:⊥ and so on. In usual denotational [...]

### Gin and monotonic

Gin, because you’ll need it by the time you’re done reading this. Last time we looked the partial orders of values for data types. There are two extra things I would like to add: an illustration of how star-subscript-bottom expands and an illustration of list without using the star-subscript-bottom notation. Here is a triple of [...]

### Hussling Haskell types into Hasse diagrams

Values of Haskell types form a partial order. We can illustrate this partial order using what is called a Hasse diagram. These diagrams are quite good for forcing yourself to explicitly see the bottoms lurking in every type. Since my last post about denotational semantics failed to elicit much of a response at all, I [...]

### Talk Friday

I’ve had the pleasure of attending a number of really interesting talks over the past few months, so many that I couldn’t find time to write thorough articles for each of them as I did over the summer. So you’ll have to forgive me for putting two of them in compressed form here. There is [...]

### How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the ⊥

An extended analogy on the denotational and game semantics of ⊥ This is an attempt at improving on the Haskell Wikibooks article on Denotational Semantics by means of a Dr. Strangelove inspired analogy. The analogy. In order to prevent Brigadier General Jack D. Ripper from initiating a nuclear attack on Russia, the Pentagon decides that [...]

### My first proof in Isabelle

One of the distinctive differences between academic institutions in the United States and in Great Britain is the supplementary learning outside of lectures. We have recitations in the US, which are something like extra lectures, while in the UK they have tutorials, or supervisions as they are called in Cambridge parlance. As always, they are [...]

### Reflexivity. Qed.

In which Mendeley, Software Foundations and Coq are discussed. I was grousing on #haskell-blah one day about how annoying it was to organize all of the papers that I have downloaded (and, of course, not read yet.) When you download a paper off the Internet, it will be named all sorts of tremendously unhelpful things [...]

### Integer sequences every computer scientist should know?

The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences is quite a nifty website. Suppose that you’re solving a problem, and you come up with the following sequence of integers: 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 2... and you wonder to yourself: “huh, what’s that sequence?” Well, just type it in and the [...]

### Is multiply-carry strongly universal?

I’ve been wanting to implement a count-min sketch for some time now; it’s a little less widely known than the bloom filter, a closely related sketch data structure (that is, a probabilistic data structure that approximates answers to certain queries), but it seems like a pretty practical structure and has been used in some interesting [...]